CDS EXAM, 2020

Combined Defence Services (CDS) Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission(UPSC). This examination is conducted by  UPSC to recruit Commissioned Officers in the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force. This examination consists of 2 stages such as the written test and SSB Interview.

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Latest Updates:

The results of CDS(I) 2020 have been announced on March 23, 2020, on their official website The notification for CDS(II) has not been released due to the deadly outbreak of COVID-19.

  • CDS syllabus of the Written test includes Three sections:  General Knowledge, English Language, and Elementary Mathematics.

  • After cracking the CDS  written exam the qualifying candidates need to prepare for the second stage i.e.SSB Interview. Check Here CDS 2020 Selection Process
  • Through this interview, recruiters will select the candidates as per their capability and preference

  • candidates can expect a salary of  56,100 – 1,77,500 at the beginning of their careers.

CDS 2020 Highlights:

Name of ExamCombined Defence Services
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commision
Mode of Application Online
Application Fees 200 INR
Mode of Exam Offline
Total Vacancies 418
Frequency of Exam 2 times / year
Stages of Selection Written test and SSB Interview
Official website
E-mail [email protected]

CDS (I) Exam 2020 Important Dates:

Last Date of Application November 19, 2019
Period of Application Withdrawl November 11, 2019 - December 13 2019
Date of Admit Card January 27, 2020
Date of Exam February 2, 2020
Date of Results March 23, 2020

CDS (II) Exam 2020: Important Dates:

Last Date of Application August 05, 2020
Period of Application Withdrawl August 25, 2020
Date of Admit Card 3 weeks before Exam
Date of Exam November 08, 2020(tentative)
Date of Results December 2020(tentative)

CDS 2020: Eligibility Criteria:

CDS 2020 Eligibility Criteria is divided into four sections: Nationality,  Marital Status, Age, and Gender. Candidates from both genders can participle in this exam but the criteria for both genders varies. Physical fitness plays a vital role.

Nationality : 


  1. Indian Citizenship or should be 
  2. Subject of Bhutan 
  3. Subject of Nepal 
  4. Tibetan refugee who came  to India with the intention of permanently settling in India, prior to January 1, 1962, 
  5. A Person of Indian Origin who has come back from Burma, Pakistan, SriLanka, and East African Countries of Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Vietnam, and Zaire with the intention of permanently settling in India.


  • Candidates under 2, 3, 4, and 5 must have proof issued by the Indian Government in favor of their statement.
  • Candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal don’t require to show any kind of certificate of eligibility.
  • A candidate whose eligibility certificate is necessary may be submitted to the examination provisionally subject to the necessary certificate being given to him/her by the Govt of India before the declaration of result by UPSC.

Age Limits, Sex and Marital Status :

According to the presentation of UPSC, the up-and-comers should be unmarried and ought not to be a divorced person or ought not to be a widower. Here is a chart explaining the qualification standards identified with age, sex, and Maritial status.r

ServiceAgeLimitGenderMaritial Status
Indian Military Academy (IMA) 19 – 24 Male Unmarried
Indian Naval Academy (INA) 19 – 24 Male Unmarried
Air Force Academy 19 – 23 Male Unmarried
Officers’ Training Academy (SSC) 19 – 25 Both (M & F) Unmarried

Educational Qualification: 

  • Applicants who are applying for the CDS Exam ought to show up the end of the year test or must be an alum of qualified degree.
  • For I.M.A. what’s more, OTA, competitors ought to have a level of a college or equal degree from organizations which is perceived by the Central Government or State Government.
  • For INA( Indian Naval Academy), up-and-comers ought to have a certificate in Engineering from a perceived University/establishment.
  • To apply Air Force Academy, candidates need a Bachelor’s qualification in Engineering. or on the other hand a level of a perceived college( with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2).

Note: competitors who are in the last year of their qualified degree additionally can apply for CDS. be that as it may, they should show the verification of breezing through the passing test by a date to be indicated in the Commission’s Notice for the CDS Exam

CDS 2020: Syllabus and Exam Pattern: 

Cds Exam example and prospectus are distinctive for AFA, IMA, INA, and OTA. The composed test is a one-day test, it is a long strategy. Competitors applying for INA, IMA, and AFA give the trial of 6 hrs of 300 imprints while the OTA applicants give 4 hours of test of 200 imprints.

CDS 2020 Syllabus: 

Cds Exam example and prospectus are distinctive for AFA, IMA, INA, and OTA. The composed test is a one-day test, it is a long strategy. Competitors applying for INA, IMA, and AFA give the trial of 6 hrs of 300 imprints while the OTA applicants give 4 hours of test of 200 imprints.

English Usage of words, Grammar, Vocabulary, Antonyms & Synonyms, Parts of Speech, Direct & Indirect Speech, Idioms & Phrases, Active & Passive Voice, Ordering of words in a sentence, Spotting Errors, etc.
General Knowledge Indian History, Indian Geography, Current Events (National & International), Indian Culture & Heritage, Indian Economy, General Politics, Indian Constitution, Biology Statement true/false Physics Chemistry Defence-related Environment Current Awareness
Mathematics Arithmetic Ability, Trigonometry, Algebra, Mensuration, Geometry, Statistics and Numbers System.

CDS 2020 Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme:

  • The schedule for IMA, INA, and AFA comprises of 3 areas: General Knowledge, English language, and Elementary Mathematics. Then again, the prospectus of OTA comprises of 2 segments: General information and English. There is negative stamping of – 0.33 for each wrong endeavor.

CDS Exam: Marking Scheme:

  • The checking plan for each segment of the CDS Exam is unique.
  • In the two segments English and General Awareness, for each right answer, applicants will get +0.83, and – 0.27 imprints for each off-base endeavor will be deducted.
  • In Mathematics, applicants will increase +1 imprints for each right answer and – 0.33 for each off-base endeavor will be deducted.
SectionNumber of QuestionsDurationMaximum Marks
English 120 2 Hours 100
General Knowledge 120 2 Hours 100
Elementary Mathematics 100 2 Hours 100
( Total ) For IMA, INA & AFA 340 6 Hours 300
For OTA 240 4 Hours 200

CDS Selection and Interview Procedure: 

Candidates who effectively qualify the composed test might be qualified for the Interview methodology. CDS Interview has 2 phases:

Stage I: contains Officer Intelligence Rating Test that implies this test will check Candidates ability of Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT)

Stage II :contains tests like Psychological Test, Interview, Group Testing Office Task, and Conference.

Competitors likewise can demand for delaying the Interview. This solicitation might be thought of if the conditions are real and in the event that it is advantageous for Army central command/Air Headquarter/Naval HQ will be the sole choosing authority.

After the meeting cycle, Candidates will be taken for the record confirmation. Records like Qualification Certificates, Proof of Identity( PAN, Aadhar, Voter Card), Birth Certificate, Passport-size Photograph, Category Certificate if have a place with Reserve class and Residence Proof will be required in the document verification procedure.

CDS 2020: Vacancies: 

The number of opening changes each year. UPSC is offering 418 opportunities through CDS test Here is plain which indicates the quantity of opening each post has: 

Name of CourseNumber of Vacancies
Indian Military Academy, Dehradun 100
Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala 45
Air Force Academy, Hyderabad 32
Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Men) 225
Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Women) 16

CDS 2020: Career Growth and Opportunities: 

Competitors are constantly amped up for the profession openings and development that have been offered to qualified CDS applicants. We should talk about the positions and advancements: 

RanksPromotion ( years of service)
Lieutenant On completion of training
Captain 2 Years
Major 6 years
Lieutenant Colonel 13 years
Colonel(TS) 16 years
Colonel 15 years
Brigadier 23 years
Major General 25 years
Lieutenant General 28 years
General No restrictions

CDS 2020: Results And Cutoff: 

UPSC releases two types of Cutoff :

  1. Cds cutoff of Written 
  2. Final CDS Cut off 

Competitors needs to score least 20% imprints to qualify in each subject. The individuals who are pronounced as qualified competitors may have the option to go to SSB Interview. The last Cutoff is reported dependent on the composed test and SSB Interview 


Previous Year Cutoff:

CDS(I) 2019 had a sectional cutoff too. From earlier year cutoff  candidates will have a Idea of the cutoff Range.

AcademyWritten Exam Final Exam
IMA 130 225
INA 110 225
AFA 150 264
OTA(Men) 86 169
OTA(Women) 86 172

CDS 2020: Preparation Tips:

Each applicant has their own strategy for readiness and rules. However, there are hardly any things those ought to be remembered while you are planning for CDS Exam:

  • At the beginning of readiness, go however CDS Syllabus and CDS Exam Pattern cautiously with the goal that you can comprehend it completely.
  • In the event that you have wanted to show up for CDS, attempt to begin your readiness at any rate 4 to a half year before CDS Exam.
  • Follow the normal timetable that you have made without anyone else according to your legitimacy and solace as per CDS Syllabus.
  • Follow the Current Affairs on everyday schedule both on the web and disconnected.
  • Take a stab at explaining the inquiry papers of earlier years and test question papers you can get and spare the scratch papers for breaking down your legitimacy.
  • Take ridicules tests by setting up the clocks in your watch. This will assist you with keeping up speed and exactness to create yourself.

Recommendation of Books for CDS Exam :

Here are some recommended books which candidates should follow with online mock tests and can find online market also: 

English Crack the code, English. by Anjali Dhage
Mathematics Cracking the Code, Mathematics by Krisna
Geography Learn Geography Fundamentals, by Ashish Wankhade

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