Military Awards are also known as gallantry awards. The Gallantry awards are awarded to personnel for their courage, extreme valor and self-sacrifice during the war. The Military awards of India are divided into various categories.
List Military Awards of India
|1.Wartime gallantry awards||Param Vir Chakra (PVC)|
Maha Vir Chakra (MVC)
Vir Chakra (VrC)
|2. Peacetime gallantry awards||Ashok Chakra (AC)|
Kirti Chakra (KC)
Shaurya Chakra (SC)
|3.Wartime distinguished service medals||Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal (SYSM)|
Uttam Yudh Seva Medal (UYSM)
Yudh Seva Medal (YSM)
|4.Peacetime distinguished service medals||Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) |
Ati Vishisht Seva Medal (AVSM)
Vishisht Seva Medal (VSM)
|5.Distinguished Service & Gallantry medals||Sena Medal (Army) (SM) |
Nausena Medal (Navy) (NM)
Vayusena Medal (Air Force) (VM)
Wartime Military awards of India
Paramvir Chakra is the highest military award awarded to army personas for their bravery, valor, self-sacrifice, and courage for saving other soldiers in presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in air. Introduced on Jan 26, 1950, this award may be given posthumously. Paramvir is a Sanskrit word which means wheel of the ultimate brave
Mahavir Chakra is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy and is the second-highest military award.It may be awarded may posthumously. Most MVCs awarded in a single conflict was in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, where eleven were given to the Indian Air Force.
Vir Chakra is 3rd highest award after the Paramvir chakra award and Mahavir chakra award.
Vir Chakra is an Indian military award presented for acts of bravery on the battlefield.
Award of the decoration carried with it the right to use Vr.C.as post-nominal abbreviations.
Peacetime military awards of India
Ashoka Chakra is awarded for courage, valor and sacrifice away from the battlefield. This is India’s highest peacetime military decoration award. This award may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel. Ashoka chakra was established on 4 January 1952.
Kriti chakra is second in order of precedence of a peacetime gallantry award.
ITs awarded for courage, valor, and self sacrifice away from battlefield It is the peacetime equivalent to Mahavir chakra. This award may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel.
Kriti chakra was established o 4 January 1952 as “Ashoka chakra class ” and later on 27 January 1967 the statutes were revised and the decoration was renamed as Kriti chakra
Shaurya Chakra is the Third peacetime award in order after Ashoka chakra and Kriti chakra. This award may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel. This award was established on 4 January 1952 as “Ashoka chakra class III” and then later on 27 January 1967 the statutes were
revised and the decoration was renamed as shaurya chakra.
In this post, we have covered all the important military awards of India. Moreover, we have also explained a few gallantry awards in brief.