Rivers and Tributaries

Indian Rivers and tributaries are considered religious spots and they play a significant role in Indian traditions in different manners. Almost every region of India is blessed with several holy rivers. Indian Rivers play a major part in diversifying the Geography of India. Therefore, this topic is vital from the Exam point of view.

Mostly major rivers of India flow towards the east and drain out into the Bay of Bengal. There are only five rivers that flow from east to west and drain out into the Arabian Sea. We have prepared a list of major rivers and tributaries in India, their length, destination, and the states which are covered by them. We have also prepared the complete list of rivers in India and their tributaries in the table below.

1. The Ganga :

Source: Gangotri Glacier
Length: 2,525 km
Destination: The Bay of Bengal
Tributaries: Chambal, Betwa, Son, Damodar, Gomati, Ghaghra, Gandak, Kosi. Yamuna.
States Covered: Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal.

2. Brahmaputra River:

Source: Himalaya, Tibetan plateau china
Length: Length: 2,900 km
Destination: The Bay of Bengal.
Tributaries: Dihang River or Siang River, Teesta, Manas.
States Covered: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh.

3. Yamuna River:

Source: Yamunotri Glacier, Champasar Glacier.
Length: 1,376 km
Destination:  Merges with Ganga, Triveni Sangam.
Tributaries:  Tons, Chambal, Hindon, Betwa and Ken, Hindon, Sharda.

4. Indus River:

Source: Gar Tsangpo, Tibetan plateau china, Enter India at Jammu and Kashmir.
Length: Length: 3,180 km
Destination: Arabian sea near Sindh in Pakistan.
Tributaries: Beas Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum.
States Covered: Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab.
States Covered: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi.

5. Mahanadi:

Source:  Sihawa mountain, Dandakaranya In Chhattisgarh state of India.
Length: 858 km
Destination: The Bay of Bengal near Odisha state.
Tributaries: Seonath, Hasdeo, Mand, Ib, Ong, Tel, Jonk.
States Covered: Chhattisgarh, Odisha.

6. Godavari:

Source: Brahmagiri Mountain near Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra.
Length: 1,465 km
Destination: Bay of Bengal in Andhra Pradesh.
Tributaries: Purna, Pranhita, Indravati, Sabari River, Pravara, Manjira, Manair.
States Covered: Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh , Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and Orissa. (Total 6 states)

7. Krishna:

Source: Near Mahabaleshwar, Satara district in Maharashtra.
Length: 1,400 km
Destination: Bay of Bengal at Hamsaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh.
Tributaries: Bhima, Dindi, Musi, Venna, Koyna, Panchganga, Dudhganga, Ghataprabha.
State Covered: Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana.

8. Kaveri:

Source: Talakaveri, Western Ghats mountain range in Karnataka.
Length: 765 km
Destination: Bay of Bengal at Poompuhar in Tamil Nadu.
Tributaries: Shimsha, Hemavati, Arkavati, Kabini, Amaravati, Lokapavani.
State Covered: Tamilnadu (87%), Kerala (9%), Karnataka (4%).

9. Narmada:

Source: Narmada Kund, Amarkantak Plateau in Madhya Pradeshl
Length: 1,312 km
Destination: Gulf of Khambhat, Arabian Sea.
Tributaries: Burhner, Banjar, Shakkar, Tawa, Hiran River, Tendoni, Kolar River, Orsang, Uri River.
States Covered:  Madhya Pradesh (MP), Maharashtra and Gujarat. (Three States)

10. Tapi or Tapti:

Source: Multai, Satpura Range
Length: 724 km
Destination: Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea).
Tributaries: Girna River, Gomai River, Mausam River, Panzara River, Purna River‎, Shiva River,
Arunavati.
State Covered: Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat.

11. Luni:

Source: Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range.
Length: 495 km
Destination: Rann of Kutch in Gujarat.
Tributaries: Sukri, and Jojari rivers.
State Covered: Rajasthan, Gujarat.

List of all the Rivers and Tributaries

S.No.RiversOriginLength (km)End
1.GangaGangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand2,525Bay of Bengal
2.YamunaYamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand1,376Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
3.BrahmaputraHimalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh1,800Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
4.ChambalTributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh960Joins Yamuna river in UP
5.SonTributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh784Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
6.GandakNepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam)630Joins Ganga near Patna
7.KosiStarts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border720Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
8.BetwaTributary of Yamuna, rises at Vindhya region, MP590Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP
9.GomtiTributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP900Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
10.GhagharaHimalayan Glacier in Tibet, tributary of Ganga1080Joins Ganga in Bihar
11.Hugli (Hooghly)Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal260Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
12.DamodarTributary of Hugli near Chandwara, Jharkhand592Merges with Hugli in West Bengal
13.MahanandaPaglajhora falls, Darjeeling, West Bengal360Merge in Ganga
14.AlaknandaSatopanth & Bhagirathi-Kharak glacier190Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
15.BhagirathiGaumukh, Uttarakhand205Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
16.IndusOriginates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K3180Merges into Arabian sea near Sindh
17.ChenabUpper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh960Merges with Indus
18.JhelumTributary of Chenab river, Punjab725Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
19.RaviStarts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh720Joins Chenab in Pakistan
20.SutlejTributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet1500Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
21.BeasRises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh470Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India
22.ParbatiMantalai Glacier near Pin Prabati Pass –Mixes with Beas River at Bhuntar, near Kullu of Himachal Pradesh
23.SuruPanzella Glacier, Pensi La Pass, Kargil185Indus, Nurla, Skardu, Pakistan
24.DrasMachoi Glacier, Zoji La, ear Sonamarg, Jammu & Kashmir86Suru River at Kharul, Kargil
25.ZanskarDoda River (First Branch), Kargyag and Tsarap River (Second Branch) –Indus River near Nimmu in Ladakh
26.TsarapPankpo La, Sarchu182Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
27.DodaDrang-Drung Glacier, Pensi La79Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
28.KaveriTalakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka765Ends in Bay of Bengal
29.KrishnaOriginates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra1400Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
30.GodavariStarts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states1465Empties in Bay of Bengal
31.TungabhadraTributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka531Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
32.TaptiRises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh724Empties into Gulf of Khambhat, Gujarat
33.MahiRises in Madhya Pradesh580Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
34.NarmadaStarts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh1315Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay
35.IndravatiDandakaranya range, Kalahandi district, Odisha535Godavari near border of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Telangana
36.PranhitaConfluence of Wardha and Wainganga, near Sirpur Kaghaznagar113Godavari, near Kaleshwaram, Telangana
37.WardhaSatpura range, Multai, Betul district of Madhya Pradesh528Pranhita River
38.Kolab (Sabari)Sinkaran hills, Koraput, Odisha200Godavari
39.ManjiraBalaghat hills724Godavari, near Kandakurthi, Karnataka
40.WaingangaSatpura range, Mundara, Seoni district, Madhya Pradesh579Pranhita River
41.PaingangaAjanta range, Aurangabad, Maharashtra676Wardha river, Chandrapur district, Maharashtra
42.VedavathiConfluence of Veda and Avathi –Tungabhadra river, near Siruguppa
43.BhimaBhimashankar861Krishna river, near raichur
44.IndrayaniLonavala, Maharashtra Bhima river
45.PavanaSahyadri range, Lonavala Maharashtra58Mula river
46.GhataprabhaWestern ghats, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra283Krishna river, Almatti
47.VennaMahabaleshwar, Maharashtra130Krishna river, Satara, Maharashtra
48.KoynaMahabaleshwar, Maharashtra130Krishna river, near Karad, Satara
49.AmravatiAnamalai hills, Pambar, Chinnar rivers282Kaveri river at Karur, Tamil Nadu
50.BhavaniSilent valley National Park, Kerala135Kaveri river at Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu
51.HemavatiWestern Ghats, Chikmagalur, Karnataka245Kaveri river near Krishna Raja Sagara, Karnataka
52.MahanadiDhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh858Bay of Bengal, near False Point, Kendrapara, Odisha
53.SubarnarekhaChota Nagpur plateau, near Ranchi, Jharkhand395Kirtania Port, near Talsari, Bay of Bengal
54.KangsabatiChota Nagpur plateau, Purulia district, West Bengal465Bay of Bengal near Haldia
55.Penner (Penna)Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur district, Karnataka597Bay of Bengal, near Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
56.PalarNandi hills, Kolar district Karnataka348Bay of Bengal, near Vayalur, Tamil Nadu
57.VaigaiVarusanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu258Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu
58.VellarShevaroy Hills150Bay of Bengal, near Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu
59.PonnaiyarNandidurg, Chikkaballapur400Bay of Bengal
60.NoyyalVelliangiri Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu180Kaveri river
61.GomaiSatpura Range –Tapti river, near Prakasha, Nandurbar, Maharashtra
62.PanzaraNear Pimpalaner, Dhule, Maharashtra –Tapti river
63.PurnaSatpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh –Tapti river, near Changdev, Maharashtra
64.KolarVindhya Range, near Sehore district, Madhya Pradesh101Narmada, near Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh
65.TawaSatpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh172Narmada near Hoshangabad district
66.SabarmatiDhebar lake, Aravalli range, near Udaipur, Rajasthan371Gulf of Khambhat
67.ZuariHemad-Barshem in western ghats34Arabian sea
68.UlhasNear Rajmachi hills, Sahyadri range122Vasai creek, Mumbai
69.MithiVihar lake and Powai lake15Arabian sea, Mahim creek, Mumbai
70.MandoviBhimgad, Karnataka77Arabian sea
71.KaliKushavali, Karnataka184Arabian sea
72.NetravatiKudremukh, Chikmagalur, Karnataka –Arabian sea, near Mangalore, Karnataka
73.SharavatiWestern Ghats, Tirthahalli, Karnataka128Arabian sea, near Honnavar, Uttar Kannada district, Karnataka
74.PeriyarSivagiri hills, Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu244Lakshadweep sea, Kerala
75.BharathappuzhaAnamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu209Lakshadweep sea, Ponnani, Kerala
76.PambaPulachimalai Hills, Western Ghats176Vembanad Lake
77.ChaliyarElambaleri Hills, Western Ghats, Wayanad, Kerala169Lakshadweep sea, Kerala

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